Function und structure
There are different drafts of treatment which would like to improve either the function of the movement organ or try to change its structure. Sotaiho strives to connect both. The attempt here is that function as well as structure belong to each other. According to the laws of Wolf and Meier this is not new! If I change the function, the quality of the tissue changes. That means if I normalize the function, the tissue is able to regenerate, so curation will occure.
Principle of treatment
Sotaiho is a system of treatment with which the collaboration of the affected person is demanded. An affected person frequently does not feel his body any more correctly. The perception almost always is focussed on the pain source.
Espacially with chronically affected persons the own perception of the body might strongly have decreased to disfavours of the pain.
Sotaiho offers to the affected person the possibility to train the own perception and to sensitize the body in order to discover minimal movement habits.
The direct collaboration is demanded by the continuos interaction. He is asked in his personal responsibility, has to decide independently which movement is good, which not. In this way there grows a new body consciousness.
The cause for the disturbance of the supporting pier often lies with constant repeating of a habituated movement patterns. If a movement is implemented once “wrongly” the body can lightly compensate. Repeating of that pattern for 10.000 times already has bad consequences. Finally, for years away crept patterns will bring the pillar in order to collapse and disturb the system sensitively.
People usually shift their weight over the big toe bale. I suppose that the body arises from here by the neurological set reactions (Hogeschool Arnhem en Nijmegen, in 1999). The force can gather in the lower abdomen (Hayashi, in 1999), the pelvis – as a basis of the spinal column – has tipped over forwards: that will be the original state.
But if the person becomes tired, he will shift the weight more outwardly, in direction of the small toe. The consequence is that the force cannot be centred any more in the lower abdomen naturally!
Now the spinal column must be held on straight using a compensatory way. This is why tension patterns will appear which will have an effect first on the position of the sacrum. Dependent on our movement character, which determines the leg which is loaded more frequently, a twist in the pelvis could appears with a lateral bend of the spinal column.
The therapist never forces the affected person to a painful movement! Pleasant movements are always strengthened.
If for example, the hip rotation is lighter to the left, the affected person is asked to turn to this side.
Because the pelvis is the centre of the movement organ, here the basic treatment starts. Aim is to bring the movement of the body ends in consonance with those of the pelvis belt.
In other words, all actions, that start in the pelvis region will have a high efficiency.
Exercize A “Initiation of the setreaction”
The affected person lies relaxed on the back, hands on the breast. Feet will be set up and knees are fold up loosely.
Popliteal space test to determine the side of treatment
The treatment procedure starts on the side on which (more) pain can be provoked.
On the affected side lift the forefoot (when both sides are affected both front feet should be lifted) and gently shift the focus towards the heel.
After 3 – 5 sec. relax. This will be followed by a relaxation phase.
Perform exercise 3 – 4 times.
The pelvis and the spinal column
The pelvis is the basis of the spinal column. A change of the opening corner of the thigh head in the articular cavity results in a shift of the pelvis shovels. This mixes up the balance of the hip and loins region.
According to Dr. Isogai there is always one leg hanging more loosely than the other in the hip! In the illustration the left side is concerned. Here the femur too strongly is turned outward. Then the sacrum´s position comes more to a horizontal level, the buttok is shifted upwards. The leg appears longer, although anatomically no difference is present.
Shifted pelvis shovels have consequences for the basis of the spinal column. A light shift the SIG joint is a cause for inclined states in the loins region. To keep in the plumb this false position will be compensated by a countercurvature in the further course of the spinal column.
These mostly lateral deformities are the weak spots in the organism. Frequently it has only consequences for the movement organ. But such disturbances have certainly also influence on the functioning of the whole organism. One thinks there, e.g., of the phenomenon of the Head zones with which organ pains are projected on the body surface, or connevctive tissue zones, through their treatment the condition of inner organs could be influenced positively (Jänig, 1986).
According to Dr. Isogai there is a prearrangement for certain organ illnesses which can be determined by the leg length difference. Therefore, persons with longer right leg suffer rather from breast illnesses, while persons with longer left leg have an arrangement for illnesses of the belly space.
Respiration and movement
Within the Sotai-system it is assumed that all movements stand in connection with the body center. If the movement of the body ends – hands, feet or head – do not correspond any more with those of the pelvis belt, pain symptoms appear in the movement organ. We observe frequently that affected persons with back or knee pain do not shift their body weight any more over the foot bale, but only over the outer side of the foot or even over the heel.
Usually the track is narrow, but in such a case it becomes more wide and the walk becomes unstable. The point of gravity is not held any more in the middle of the track, but is shifted abruptly by support leg to support leg. Thereby it can come to acute pain conditions or to chronical neck complaints or back pain.
In all of these cases the respiration of the affected person is disturbed. With it connected is a tension dysbalance of the deep muscle structures, as for example of the m. transversus abdominis, which plays an important role with the adjustment of the fascial chains in the trunk.
Therefore, the respiration within the Sotaiho takes a quite central role. During the techniques the patient is asked for exhaling.
With the exhalation the coccyx turns inwards and the tension of the abdominal muscles increases. The force can be centred in the lower abdomen girdle (Hayashi, in 1999).
At the end of the exhalation phase the patient should rest for a moment. I suppose that in this breathing space the amount cerebrospinale liquor increases up to a maximum value.
Then the central membranes stand under tension, so that vibrations, e.g. induced by a sudden relaxation, could be better transferred at this moment. I suppose that these vibrations promote the perviousness of the cerebrospinal system and dissolve stagnations in its flow.
The role of the pelvis ground
In Japanese martial arts – the Budo – there is an important knowledge: If the defender inhales at the moment of the attack, his basis is weakened and he is to be hurt more easily. If he breathes out at this moment, however, his spinal column is protected and cannot be hurt that easily.
Illustr. from: Bewegingsleer, deel III: de romp; Kapandji; BSL; Houten; 1995. With kind permission of Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum – www.bsl.nl
In the picture you see the pelvis. In the llustration one sees how the high border of the sacrum glides by the weight of the body forwards.
Anatomically the pelvis ground looks like a lying Eight, like two circles which surround the orifices and which to themselves alternately move up and down.
It is the tension in the pelvis ground which works against the weight of the body which rests on the washbasin. He(it) is like a shock absorber which cares for the fact that the sacrum lying between the washbasin shovels is not wedged, but elastic it remains hung up.
The respiration is more than only an exchange of gases. As we have seen (see above) the respiration in itself is already a movement. The tension of the pelvis ground is adjusted by it. It is the key for the development of a strong body center.
However, it is not meant the superficial breathing! Above all the exhalation should be really terminated, because then there appears inhaling by itself.
Between the separate breath phases there are breaks. In yoga these moments are named Kumbhaka. The exhalation was already discussed at the top. During the inhalation the amount of the Liquors decreases, the central membranes lose to tension. Now the spinal column is vulnerable. However, in the break phase (Kumbhaka) afterwards the peritoneum increases in tension. Now the visceral membranes come to stand under tension and the trunk is protected again.